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July 31, 2017 Download PDF
In December 2016, the China Insurance Company Regulatory Commission (“CIRC”) released draft Measures for the Administration of Equity Interests in Insurance Companies (the “Previous Draft”). We had briefed you about this development (see our previous updates on China insurance M&A reform and changes in investments in Chinese insurance companies).
On July 20, 2017, CIRC released a revised draft of the same Measures (the “New Draft”). The New Draft differs from the Previous Draft in significant respects, which we highlight below. CIRC is holding another round of public consultations on the New Draft, in which comments may be submitted until August 21, 2017.
Categorization of shareholders
Shareholders of insurance companies are classified into the following four categories based on the size of their shareholding, instead of three categories under the Previous Draft:
The financial tests for Strategic and Controlling Shareholders remain generally the same (but note the higher shareholding threshold (15% instead of 10%) for Strategic Investors and the higher shareholding threshold (30% instead of 20%) for Controlling Shareholders from which the requirements apply). CIRC has added some qualitative requirements for Controlling Shareholders, which reflect the PRC government’s recent concern that domestic conglomerates are investing imprudently into unrelated industries: Under the New Draft, an investor may not become a Controlling Shareholder of an insurance company if its business plan is not feasible, if it does not have the financial capability to support the operations of the insurance company on an ongoing business, or if its business is overly diversified or its governance has obvious weaknesses. Under the Previous Draft, there were no qualification requirements for Financial Shareholders. Under the New Draft, Financial Shareholders need to satisfy financial tests: Type I Financial Shareholders must have been profitable in the last financial year and have a reasonable level of revenue. Type II Financial Shareholders must have been profitable in the last two financial years, have net assets of at least Rmb 200 million and the capacity to provide further capital to the insurance company.
The maximum shareholding in an insurance company is limited to one third of the share capital, as in the Previous Draft. The New Draft also repeals the existing CIRC rules on mergers and acquisitions of insurance companies, which allow investors to acquire a higher shareholding.
Under the New Draft, there remains only one exception from the one-third shareholding cap: a PRC insurance company may own up to 100% of another insurance company as a result of establishing or acquiring such company for purposes of innovation, specialization or group formation. A new limit is added to this exception: The investing insurance company may not transfer control of an insurance company it has established for innovation or specialization purposes.
The New Draft provides for longer lock-up periods as shown below:
Foreign invested insurance companies
The New Draft removes the clarification (which features in both the Previous Draft and the currently effective regulations) that shareholding in insurance companies in which foreign investors hold at least 25% of the equity interests is subject to separate rules. Imposing the provisions of the New Draft (in particular, the 33% maximum shareholding) on such companies would be a major change; it is not clear whether this is intended or implied in the New Draft.
The Previous Draft had removed the existing requirement that equity investments in insurance companies must be made with the investor’s own funds, thus liberalizing financing for acquisitions. The New Draft not only reinstates the requirement, but prohibits arrangements to circumvent it, specifically targeting nominee arrangements, special purpose vehicles and structured financing. As a new deterrent, shareholders who enter into nominee or beneficial transfer arrangements can be deprived of their voting rights.